Name of Car Engine Components: Function & Image – The car is divided into several grand parts such as engine, power transfer, wheels, engine electricity & body. The engine will still be divided into several more parts, such as its main components, lubrication system, cooling system, starter system and there is an entry and expenditure system.
The type of machine will still be divided into several structured divisions about, for example based on the type of step then divided as a 4 stroke machine & two-stroke machine is not. Meanwhile, when classified based on the type of fuel, it is divided into gasoline engines and diesel engines.
But whether it’s a 4-stroke engine or two no, a diesel or gasoline engine, all have basic components that are in line with the same line. For example, all of them have cylinder blocks in which there is a crank & piston mechanism. There is also a cylinder chairman into a spark plug site & combustion chamber. Main Components of the Machine
The following are the names of the engine components of four-wheeled vehicles along with their functions and images, remember to share yes if this article is useful. 1. Cylinder Block (Cylinder Block)Image of cylinder block and its parts
The cylinder block is the primary component of the engine in which there is a cylinder into a piston site up and down running the engine work cycle, the cylinder block also becomes a seat according to the crank mechanism. At the top, the cylinder block will be connected using a cylinder head. While the bottom will be connected using calter as an oil reservoir.
Read more: Function and Construction of Cylinder Block2. Cylinder Head (Cylinder Head)The image of the cylinder chairman and its parts is viewed from above
The cylinder head is an engine part paired with a cylinder block, the cylinder head has a combustion chamber and is generally used as a spark plug holder and valve procedures on the 4-stroke engine. three. Piston/Thoracic Piston & Connecting Rod Image. Source: indiamart.com
Piston is likened to the heart of the engine, because he is the one who is personally related to using the combustion process that produces power / energy mobility.
This piston will go up and down to make power, power at the time of business steps will be received by the piston which is then continued to the crank mechanism, fly wheel to the power shifter and wheel drive.
Also read: Functions and Parts of Piston (Thorac) Mobil4. Connecting Rod
Connecting rod is a piston rod that serves to connect the piston with the crankshaft, so the energy received by the piston will be channeled to the crankshaft and replace it as rotary power. five. Piston PinImage piston pin & such
The function of the piston pin is to connect the piston using a mini end (small end) on the piston rod (connecting rod) through the bushing and pass the combustion pressure received by the piston to the piston btg. Piston pins are generally made of nickel steel. 6. Piston RingImage piston ring (oil ring & compression ring)
1) As a connector between pistons using cylindrical walls so that there is no gas leakage during compression steps and business steps.
two) Prevent oil from entering the combustion chamber
three) Scrape excess oil on the cylinder wall
4) Transfer heat from the piston to the cylinder wall to help cool the piston.
Read more: Function & Construction of Piston Ring
Piston springs (piston rings) there are 2 kinds, namely compression springs that generally number two pieces, & oil springs that number one and the position is under the compression spring.
Compression spring or compression ring is a component that is paired in a piston using its function as a connector between the piston and the cylinder wall, as a result of which there is no leakage of the fuel mixture at the time of compression step and business step, the leak in question is based on the combustion chamber to the crankcase.
In general, this compression ring has 2 points per piston, the top of which is called using the “Top compression ring” and below it is claimed to be a “second compression ring”.
Oil springs which are also referred to as oil rings (oil rings) serve to create a thin oil layer between the piston and the cylinder wall, the purpose of which is to lubricate and prevent hyperbole wear in the cylinder and piston walls.
In addition, it is also useful in reducing the onset of heat friction impact between pistons and cylinder walls (if there is lubrication, heat can be minimized). Oil springs are of two kinds, namely the integral type and the three piece type. 7. Crank Shaft (Crankshaft)Image of crankshaft & its parts
The crankshaft serves to change the motion energy received by the piston as rotary energy which is then channeled to the flywheel.
The crankshaft will be connected using a connecting rod. The crankshaft is installed in the bottom of the cylindrical block.
Read more about: Function and Construction of Crank Shaft
For this type of engine with a cylinder arrangement parallel to one line (in-line), the number of crank pins (crank pins) is the same using the number of cylinders.
Engines with a cylindrical arrangement that forms an angle or V & H engine, the number of crank pens is usually half the number of cylinders.
The shape of the crankshaft on the side is determined by the poly cylinder, also determined by the ignition order. 8. Bearings
The function of bearings is to prevent wear and reduce engraving in the crankshaft. The crankshaft journal receives a large load according to the combustion gas pressure based on the piston and rotates in high rotation.
Therefore, pads between pins are used using journals lubricated using oil to prevent wear and reduce engraving.
Insert type bearings (insert type bearings) that are poly used have durability and the ability to prevent good wear. Spark plug (Spark Plug)Image of spark plug or spark plug
Spark plugs are components of the ignition system that are useful for sprinkling the flowers that are expected in the combustion of a mixture of air and fuel in producing energy. Also read: Spark Plug Functions and Parts 11. Cylinder Head Gasket Image of cylinder head gasket
The cylinder chairman gasket serves as a compound between the cylinder chairman using the cylinder block, with the main purpose being to prevent leakage of combustion gas, cooling water and oil. This gasket is usually made of a material called carbon clad sheet steel. Read more : Cylinder Head Gasket Function12. Oil Tub (Oil Pan)Image of oil tub or oil pan
Oil tub or commonly called using calter is a component that serves to make oil for lubrication. The location of this component is at the bottom of the cylinder block that is bolted and given a gasket to prevent leakage.
In this oil tub (calter) there is a drain plug (oil blockage) that serves to change engine oil. Also read: Oil Pan13 function. Fly Wheel (Flywheel)Image of flywheel or fly wheel
The function of the successor wheel / flywheel (flywheel) is to store the rotary energy (inertia) obtained by the engine in the business step, so that the crank shaft (crank shaft) continues to rotate continuously in the next step. With this fly wheel, the engine can rotate using soft. Also read: Functions, How To Work & Characteristics of Fly Wheel14. Valve MechanismImage Valve Mechanism and Its Components
Valve mechanism is one mechanism that consists of many components such as valves, valve springs, push rods, cam shafts etc. that function in carrying out their usefulness to open and close the valves expected in the engine work cycle. Read more: Functions & Parts of Valve Mechanism15. Valve (Valve)
The valve along with its mechanism serves to open and close the suction channel & exhaust duct. On each cylinder, there are at least two types of valves, namely suction valves and exhaust valves. This valve is on a 4-stroke motor. The construction of the valve consists of the valve chairman (valve head) and valve rod (valve steam). 16. Cam Shaft (Poros Nok)
An engine component that plays a role in opening and closing the valve is in sync with the specified timing. The drive gear of the distributor and the drive nozzle of the gas station are also connected with the nozzle shaft. Also read: Function & Construction of Cam Shaft17. Valve Lifter (Valve Lifter)
Valve livter serves to move movement based on the cam (nok) in opening and closing the valve to run its work cycle. Because of the movement in the introduction contained in the cylinder block when the nok axis rotates and moves the valve to open and close. 18. Pressure Rod (Push Rod)
The function of the push rod is to continue the movement from the valve lifter to the rocker arm. This push rod is a mini rod that is each connected in a valve lifter and rocker arm on the OHV engine. 19. Rocker arm